Copyright 2010 by Barry Dunn Advisory Group
The Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs recruits U.S. police officers from all over the country to participate in international civilian police activities and local police development programs in countries around the world.
Decisions to deploy U.S. Police Advisors in a specific mission are made at the highest levels of the federal government based on consultations among the White House, Department of State, Department of Defense, and other agencies. The responsibility for managing U.S. Police Advisors and related issues rests with the Department of State.
The United States participated in its first CIVPOL operation in 1994 in Haiti. The United States led the multinational military intervention to restore the elected government of Haiti and sponsored a 20-country International Police Monitor (IPM) mission to help provide public security, maintain the rule of law, and establish a new Haitian National Police Service. The IPM mission transitioned to the UN in March 1995.
International Police Advisors have become a vital tool of U.S. foreign policy. Only 50 American police participated in the Haiti CIVPOL mission in 1994. Since then, over 4,000 experienced U.S. police officers and law enforcement experts have participated in CIVPOL missions in Bosnia-Herzegovina (1996-2002); the Eastern Slavonia region of Croatia (1996-2003); Jericho (2002); Palestinian Authority (2003); Sierra Leone (2003-2004); East Timor (1999-2005); OSCE Head Quarters in Vienna (2002-2004); Haiti (1996-2000; 2004-present); Kosovo (1999-present); Serbia & Montenegro (2001-present); Macedonia (2002-present); Afghanistan (2002-present); Iraq (2003-present); Sudan and Liberia (2003-present).
The Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs (INL) manages more than 1,600 U.S. police deployed next to their international counterparts in international Police Advisory missions. This dramatic climb in U.S. participation in CIVPOL missions reflects the U.S. Government’s recognition of its importance to peacekeeping missions in the post-cold war world. While international military forces often are necessary to restore a secure environment following a major conflict, they generally are not, in themselves, sufficient for the long-term reestablishment of civil order where local institutions have broken down. CIVPOL not only assist international military forces in the short term by addressing civilian law enforcement matters, but also help to develop the local democratic policing institutions that ultimately will be responsible for all law and order functions once the military and CIVPOL depart. (from U.S. State Dept)